Plastic surgery is undertaken to reinstate the purpose of body tissues or skin back to normal or as close as possible otherwise known as reconstructive surgery. However, cosmetic surgery is performed to augment the appearance of the same body tissues. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons statistics indicates that 1 million of reconstructive surgeries are performed every year. The following are different types of plastic surgeries:
1. Cleft Lip and Palate Repair
This is a standard procedure in North America. It is carried out to correct the deformation and restore healthy appearance as children grow up. Most of these procedures are performed at no charge in most states. Cleft lip surgery assists children to grow up with minimal stigmatization.
2. Breast Reduction
This surgery is carried out to reduce the size of women’s breasts. The operation results in the breast size restoration with proportion to the body and relieves discomfort from large breasts. This procedure is also called reduction mammoplasty.
3. Breast Reconstruction
After a mastectomy, doctors advise women to get a breast reconstruction procedure. The procedure is, therefore, a secondary operation that helps restore confidence in women.
4. Hand or Foot Surgery
Several conditions can lead to dysfunctional hands or disability in adults or children. Some of these include carpal tunnel syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and Dupuytren’s contracture. This surgery helps relieve pain and get rid of diseases that reduce strength.
5. Regenerative Medicine
The procedure involves combining cells and molecules that are biologically active to form functioning tissues. The purpose of regenerative medicine is to augment and reinstate damaged tissues to function as intended. An example of this procedure is Artificial Skin and Cartilage. Regenerative medicine is used in conditions such as bone generation, new skin generation, treatment of scars, care for wounds, reconstruction of breasts and generation of nerve tissue.
6. Tissue Engineering
Tissue engineering is incorporated in regenerative medicine to help with self-healing that comes about with recreation of cells to rebuild organ tissues. Notably, this procedure is designed to help cancer patients and people born with deformities.
7. Skin Cancer Removal
Plastic surgeons will be asked to undertake procedures like this to remove cancerous sections of the skin. This surgery is performed using specialized medical equipment and techniques to ensure that the skin surface appearance is maintained.
8. Tissue Expansion
Plastic surgery is carried out by well-trained plastic surgeons that specialize in different types of surgery. Accidents, poor body image, and congenital disabilities are some of the reasons why plastic surgery is necessary. It is vital to ensure that you utilize the services of a qualified surgeon.